Iron age

From 750-725 B.C. the beginning of the Iron Age in Western Europe with the addition of new metal , iron stands . In the Iberian Peninsula findings iron oldest dating from the seventh century - VII BC that trade must be linked to the Phoenician people.

Iron Age in the Iberian Peninsula is mainly characterized by the development of the Iberian culture that emerged as a result of the influence that the Phoenician and Greek settlers had on the indigenous peoples of Spanish Mediterranean and developed since the sixth century BC

Its geographical scope was extensive , occupied the entire Mediterranean coast from Catalonia to Andalusia center , also including the inner Andalucia and southern Plateau.

The Iberian culture was essentially urban , with the emergence of large oppida , which structured the territory , but the process of urbanization was not the same in all areas. In the southern Meseta , the Iberian settlements are very diverse in terms of its location size , urban schemes , functionality, etc.


The funeral ritual of the Iberian world is incineration, when the person died they proceeded to cremation, which was burning dress and accompanied by his personal items. The cremation took place in a ustrina, funeral pyre where the woods were about to reach the temperature necessary for the combustion of a body. Once burned the corpse, the remains were introduced in an urn was placed in the burial. In these burial outfits they were also deposited, which in the case of some monumental graves reveal the existence of a clear social hierarchy, since the type of grave and trousseau items reflect the individual's rank or status.

The occupation of the region in the Iron Age has traditionally attached to carpetana area. The location of several medium sized towns near rivers, make this territory an area with a high density of settlement, confirmed by the location on the surface of ceramic materials oxidizing pastas, geometric decoration ocher and zoomorphic edges.Destaca la localización de estos materiales en los municipios de Almonacid de Toledo, Consuegra, Cuerva, Manzaneque, Marjiliza, Mascaraque, Mazarambroz, Menasalbas, Mora, Navahermosa, Noéz, Polán, San Pablo de los Montes y Los Yébenes.

Besides the existence of these deposits in the region they are located numerous sculptures such as Totanés boars, San Martin de Pusa or Galvez.

On the role of boars there are several theories or interpretations here set out:

  • The first is the funeral stele, based on the iconography representing the pig as an animal related aspects obituary, pointed to by hubber opinion.
  • A second theory, with few followers, proposed that would exempt the function to exalt the cattle wealth of the area attractions.
  • Lastly, it announced by Cabré, pointing to totemic nature of these boars, whose situation would point either Glens why ran cattle either pens or enclosures was met on livestock having the sculpture a protective character of the cattle .

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